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(Definitions written by Mary Spratt, edited by Alan Pulverness)
This acronym stands for International Phonetic Alphabet. The IPA provides one symbol for each sound produced across the different human languages. The IPA chart shows these sounds in relation to one another. Any one language will only use a subset of all the sounds on the IPA chart. To see the IPA chart, click here:
Most language teachers don’t know all the symbols used on the IPA chart. It’s often simpler and more useful for them just to know those used in the language they teach.
International Phonetic Association (1999). Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A guide to the use of the International Phonetic Alphabet. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press.
Jones, D. (1988).English Pronouncing Dictionary, 14th ed. London: Dent.
Ladefoged, P. (1990). "The Revised International Phonetic Alphabet". Language 66/ 3.
Laver, J. (1994). Principles of Phonetics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Pullum, G. K., Ladusaw, W.A. (1986).Phonetic Symbol Guide. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.